Satna district General information
Satna is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The town of Satna is the district headquarters. The district has an area of 7,502 km², and a population of 1,868,648 (2001 census), 20.63% of which was urban. The district has a population density of 249 persons per sq km.
History of Satna district is part of the history of the region known as Baghelkhand, a very large portion of which was ruled by the treaty state of Rewa, while a small part towards the west was ruled by feudatory chiefs, holding their States under sanads given by the British rulers, There were eleven in all; important ones being Maihar, Nagod, Kothi, Jaso, Sohawal and Baraundha and the five Chaube Jagirs of Paldeo, Pahra, Taraon, Bhaisundha and Kamta-Rajula.
The District of Satna is situated between latituedes 23" 58' and 25"12' north and longitute 80"21' and 81"23' east in mid northern part of Rewa Commissioner's Division in Madhya Pradesh state of India. The districts takes its name from Satna, the head quarters town, which in its turn takes it from Satna Rewa which flows near the town.
In the north the district boundary marches with that of Banda District of Uttar Pradesh state. Eastern Bombay of the district runs with the Teonther, Sirmour and Huzur tehsils of Rewa district and a very small questions of the Gopadbanas tehsil of Sidhi District. The entire western boundary of the district is made by Panna district while the southern boundary abuts on the Murwara tehsil of Jabalpur district in the west and Bandhogarh tehsil of Umaria district and Beohari Tehsils of Shahdol district on the east.
Chitrakoot Dham: Chitrakoot incorporates very many places of religious and pauranic importance,visited both by devotees and sight-seers.From the administrative view point, some of these places are situated in Uttar Pradesh and others in Madhya Pradesh. As all these places are popularly associated with religious feelings of the people and a large number of pilgrims visit these sites. It is well connected by train as well as by road. The distance from Satna district headquarter is 60 Km. Approx. Chitrakuta’s spiritual legacy stretches back to legendary ages. It was in these deep forests that Rama, Sita and his brother Lakshmana spent eleven and half years of their fourteen years of exile. The great sage Atri, Sati Anusuya, Dattatreya, Maharshi Markandeya, Sarbhanga, Sutikshna and various other sages, seers, devotees and thinkers meditated here. The principal trinity of the Hindu pantheon, Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, took their incarnations here.
Ma Sharda,Maihar: Goddess Sharada is also called Saraswati. She is the Goddess of learning. She provides intelligence, mind, wisdom and logic. She helps to fulfill one's desire in life by the dint of her power of knowledge.
The Holy Maa Sharda Temple is situated in Village Maiher of Satna District InMadhya Pradesh. The place is well connected by road and train route. The approximate distance from Satna district headquarter is 40 Kms. The temple is situated on the Trikut mountain at a height of 600 ft from ground level. To reach the shrine one has to climb 1001 stairs. The temple is managed by Maa Sharda Prabhand Samiti. The committee, headed by district collector, has done significant work to enable better facilities to pilgrims and devotees visiting the temple from all over the country. Road route is constructed on the mountain so that the vehicle can be taken upto the hill top.
Griddhraj Parvat: Griddhraj Parvat is a hill of religious, archeological and ecological importance situated in Devrajnagar village of tehsil Ramnagar in Satna district. It is located 8 km from the town of Ramnagar. Griddhraj Parvat is of great religious importance in Hindu mythology. It was mentioned in Skanda Purana as ‘Griddhanchal Parvat’. It is believed to be the birthplace of ‘Sampati’, the brother of Griddhraj ‘Jatayu’ mentioned in Ramayana. The poet Kalidas mentions this place as the most sacred in his book ‘Griddharaj Mahatmya’ (Narad Uvach). He wrote that a dip in the Manasi Ganga River originating from Griddhraj Parvat, at an altitude of 2,354 feet, absolves all kinds of sins. Sons of Brahma and then goddess Parvati first saw this hill. It is also mentioned in Shiva Samhita. Chinese traveller Fa-hien visited this place and mentioned it.
Bharhut: Also in Satna district is the ancient city of Bharhut, a center of Buddhist culture, whose archeological treasures have been gifted to the major museums in the country and the world. The Bharhut stupa may have been established by the Maurya king Asoka in the 3rd century BCE, but many works of art were apparently added during the Sunga period, with many friezes from the 2nd century BCE.