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Bareilly district General information

The district of Bareilly (also known as Bareli or Bans Bareli) in Uttar Pradesh was once part of ancient Panchala. Panchala acquired great significance during the later Vedic period and it was the center of later Vedic civilization. The scholars of Panchala were famous throughout India. The ruins of Ahichhatra, the capital of ancient Panchala, have been unearthed near Ramnagar Village of Anola Tehsil, thus adding to its significance. Coins belonging to pre-Guptan periods have also been obtained from Ahichhatra. Some of the masterpieces of Indian terracotta art are from Ahichhatra.

History

Bareilly, an important district of Uttar Pradesh is situated in the Tarai region of Himalayas. The administrative seat is Bareilly town, located on the banks of Ramganga River. The city was originally founded in 1537 by Mughal Governor Makrand Ray.

The district shares common boundaries with Nainital district on the North, Pilibhit district on the East, Shahajahanpur district on the South-East, Badaun district on the South and South-West. The Ramganga River forms the natural boundary of the district.

Bareilly district is famous for its vivid skills in manufacturing of various types of Handicrafts, especially Zari-Zardozi, Wooden furniture & Bamboo work etc.

Geography

The district has an area of 4,120 sq km. The population is almost 3.5 million. The temperature varies from a maximum of 44ºC in the months of May-June to 4ºC during the cool months of December-January. Ramganga is the main river. The other rivers include the Siddha, the Dojora, the Bahgul (west), the Sankha, the Deoranian and the Nakatia, and their tributaries.

Economy

Bareilly has also been the center of many economic, cultural and educational activities. Camphor and Allied Products, one of the largest camphor making units of the world and a urea making plant are situated here. Bareilly District is also a leading manufacturer of handicrafts items such as Zari work, bamboo and wooden furniture, surma and patang manjha.

Access

By Air : The nearest airport from Bareilly is New Delhi that is 250 odd Kilometers. New Delhi has both international as well as domestic airport that is well connected to a range of cities in India and world. Several public as well as private carriers offer their service to and from Delhi. From Delhi, one can either hire a cab or take any train to Bareilly.

By Rail/Train : Bareilly falls on the busy Delhi-Kolkata line and is therefore well connected to most of the destinations in Uttar Pradesh and India. The main railway station in Bareilly is Bareilly Cantonment Junction. The junction is well connected to cities like New Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, Benaras, Jaipur, Kolkata and Mumbai through a cluster of super fast and express trains.

By Road : Bareilly is well connected to cities in Uttar Pradesh and around through a network of National and State Highways. The city has regular buses to destinations like Jaipur, Agra, Mathura, Ghaziabad, New Delhi, Lucknow and Varanasi. Both Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation as well as private parties ply buses to and from the city.

Climate

Weather of Bareilly is typical of the cities of Western Uttar Pradesh. The city falls in the Rohilkhand area and thus can be considered as a semi-arid region. The summers are scorching with daytime temperature hovering around 37°C to 45°C. Nights are relatively cooler with minimum temperature falling to 27-28°C. The summers set in the month of April and persist till June end. Venturing out during day without proper protection might lead to heatstroke.

Monsoon sets in June end but brings very little respite to the simmering city. The average annual rainfall is in the range of 400-500 Millimeters that is precisely contributed by the Southwest jet of monsoon. Winters set in the month of November and persists till February. Winters are quite chilly with minimum temperature hovering around 4-5°C. Winters are the best time to visit Bareilly.

Tourist Place

Bareilly is an old city and has a lot of tourist places to explore and some of them we are mentioning here:

Parks : Akshar Vihar, Executive Park, Gandhi Udyan

Temples : Bareilly city is a spiritual city therefore lots of holy temples are here and some of them are Alakhnath Temple, Tibri Nath Temple, Marimanth Temple, Dhopeshwarnath Temple, Gulharhiya Gaurishankar Temple.

Majares : This city has a pride history of Muslim sages. Therefore some holy majares are here and these are Majare Aala Hazrat, Khanqahai Aaliya Niyazia, Bara Burji Masjid (Tehsil, Aanwala).

Church : The only church of the Bareilly city is Freewell Baptist Church.

Market : Bareilly is world wide famous for his Bamboo furniture work and Zari Zarkari work. You can get these items of bamboo in almost every corner of the Bazaar. Bareilly is also famous for its camphor industry (the city is largest producer and exporter of camphor in India). Surma is another product for which Bareilly is famous, so please don’t forget to buy such world famous products from the Bareilly Bazaar.